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AGRICULTURE and FORESTRY

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Total area of the Southeast Slaws Province is about 3,814,000 Ha. consist 0f 225,694 Ha. Potential for rice field development ; 619,437 Ha. For horticulture and plantation development ; 669,389 Ha. converted forest, and 2,190,160 Ha. forest area.

Development potency of food crops and plantation in Southeast Sulawesi, 1992 :

No.

Regency

Rice field
( Ha. )

Dry land cereals
( Ha. )

Tubers & Legumes
( Ha. )

1.

Kendari

138,642

234,264

172,928

2.

Kolaka

28,157

46,620

33,459

3.

Button

47,171

61,740

86,139

4.

Muna

11,724

40,267

61,031

 

Total .....

225,694

382,881

308,557

                                Source : Dep. of Agriculture, Southeast Slaws, 1992.

Comparison between dry land and its utilization in Southeast Slaws, 1992.

No.

Regency

Total Area ( Ha. )

Utilization ( Ha. )

Not yet used

1.

Kendari

362,192

231,325

130,867

2.

Kolaka

80,068

61,482

18,586

3.

Button

147,879

116,016

31,863

4.

Muna

101,298

48,547

52,751

 

Total …

691,437

457,370

234,067

            Source : Dep. Agriculture, Southeast Slaws, 1992.

Other than this dry land, there are 699,383 Ha. converted Forest possible to expand the dry land area for horticulture and plantation commodities in the future.

Food Crops

There are four main efforts to increase food crops yield in Southeast Slaws. Such as : Intensification, Extensification, Diversification, and Rehabilitation. The significant yield of food crops are expanded rapidly such as ; Rice, maize, soybean, cassava, sweat potato, groundnut, small green pea, vegetables and fruits.

Food Crops product in Southeast Sulawesi 1993 - 1997 ( Ton ).

No.

Commodity

1993

1994

1995

1996

1997

Total

1.

Wetland-Paddies

190,796

217,024

259,749

276,556

235,057

66,053

2.

Field-paddies

30,123

29,912

27,561

29,384

25,259

14,080

3.

Maize

81,769

73,513

79,858

83,744

75,822

38,065

4.

Soybean

4,762

6,996

5,882

6,319

5,052

4,817

5.

Cassava

220,739

172,226

117,828

169,299

183,813

14,977

6.

Sweet potato

21,115

14,228

12,947

16,400

13,019

1,930

7.

Peanuts

1,000

3,599

890

275

97

5,861

8.

Small green peas

160

272

481

303

0

1,2,6

            Source : Center Institution of Statistic, B.P.S , Southeast Sulawesi, 1997.

Plantation

The plantation crops are grown rapidly in the province, such as : Cacao, Cashewnut, and pepper, that is the main commodities for plantation sub-sector.

In Repelita VI the Government has great attention to accelerate improvement of these commodities with supported of the agroclimate compatible land and captive market.

Plantation product in Southeast Sulawesi , 1993 - 1997 (ton)

No.

Commodity

1993

1994

1995

1996

1997

Total

1.

Coconut

38,428.00

37,587.00

35,166.00

35,211.60

36,784.30

183,176.90

2.

Coffee

2,593.00

2,889.00

2,434.60

2,439.10

2,701.47

13,057.17

3.

Capok

473.00

930.00

867.30

976.80

767.28

4,014.38

4.

Pepper

423.00

908.00

493.00

687.40

460.34

2,971.74

5.

Nutmeg

34.00

34.20

24.00

21.80

32.18

146.18

6.

Clove

2,230.00

3,600.00

3,015.20

1,665.10

2,727.81

13,238.11

7.

Chasew

32,675.00

24,258.00

22,034.60

17,540.60

28,065.44

124,573.64

8.

Candlenut

197.00

613.00

522.20

342.30

371.73

2,046.23

9.

Cacao

48,579.00

44,028.00

51,102.40

53,685.40

62,944.96

260,339.76

10.

Palm-sugar

221.00

492.00

972.40

819.50

2,341.54

4,846.44

11.

Catton-plant

349.00

288.00

162.70

1.21

199.98

1,000.89

12.

Hybrid-coconut

506.00

516.00

457.50

611.50

813.56

2,904.56

13.

Tobacco

110.00

47.00

33.90

13.85

23.41

228.16

14.

Java Tamarind

25.00

1.90

4.00

26.75

19.05

76.70

15.

Areca-palm

6.00

9.90

9.60

8.40

6.83

40.73

16.

Vanilla

0.00

1.00

2.40

0.68

0.37

4.45

17.

sugarcane

0.00

0.00

0.00

13.46

9.29

22.75

 

Livestock

The improvement of livestock in this province is directed to the improvement of the big cattle, little cattle and poultry which is support by land potency and other resources. There are about 80,000 Ha. herding area, and about 737 ha. mixed farm owned by local government in Wawolemo.

Livestock population in Southeast Sulawesi , 1993 - 1997 ( ton )

No.

Commodity

1993

1994

1995

1996

1997

Total

1.

Cows

233,119

249,484

265,255

276,794

289,143

1,313,795.00

2.

Buffaloes

12,490

11,992

11,683

10,842

11,471

58,478.00

3.

Horses

5,948

6,065

5,897

5,945

6,539

30,394.00

4.

Goats

85,434

92,051

101,077

112,115

117,587

508,264.00

5.

Pigs

12,524

13,300

14,017

16,563

18,523

74,927.00

6.

Sheep's

303

293

257

254

351

1,458.00

7.

Local poultry

4,372,358

4,978,022

5,672,639

5,824,015

6,327,525

27,174,559.00

8.

Poultry

27,490

24,032

47,329

62,133

207,709

368,693.00

9.

Duck

201,707

218,012

238,462

261,473

262,531

1,182,185.00

Source : Center Institution of Statistic, B.P.S., Southeast Sulawesi, 1993.

Fishery

The off Shore water of Southeast Sulawesi covering about 110,00 sq. Km. and about 1,740 sq. Km. of coastline. The source potential estimated at 500,000 tons of fish annually. Permanent potential about 250,000 tons. The commercial fishes are skipjack, tuna, trout, yellow fin, shrimp and lobster. Other are seaweed, seacucamber, octopus, have good prospect to develop. In land fishery potential consist of 32,000 ha. mangrove forest that can be converted into hatchery culturing and about 20,850 ha. for fresh water culturing. This year Center Government has decided Wawonii Island as Center of fisheries development for the eastern part of Indonesia.

Fishery product in Southeast Sulawesi , 1993 - 1997 (tons)

No.

Commodity

1993

1994

1995

1996

1997

I.

1.

2.

Productions

Saltwater-fisheries

fresh water Fisheries

 

118,885

8,035

 

126,966

8,466

 

133,680

9,496

 

132,212

13,643

 

149,600.

16,169

II.

1.

2.

Value :

Saltwater-fisheries

fresh water Fisheries

 

90,466,291

16,113,057

 

89,565,065

13,822,980

 

117,565,065

16,877,881

 

124,402,440

22,990,035

 

169,127,540

47,400,570

                    Source : Dep. Fisheries, Southeast Sulawesi, 1997

Forestry

Some of 55,81 % or about 2,128,449 ha. land area is covered by Forest consist of : * Nature reserve and tourism forest ( 238,193 Ha. ) ; * protection forest ( 238,057 Ha. ) : * protection forest ( 376,057 Ha. ) : * Production forest (1,138,205 ha. ) : converted forest and the main product are teakwood, mixed wood, and mangrove. Other are Rattan, Resin and Bamboo.

No.

ITEMS

TOTAL AREA (Ha.)

potentiaL (Ha. / Ton)

1.

TEAK ( NATURE )

15,667

29.8 M3

2.

TEAK ( CULTURE )

16,170.92

164 M3

3.

PINUS

11,356.45

95.5 M3

4.

EUCALYPTUS

6,251.97

-

5.

MANGROVE

54,250

93 M3

6.

MIXED WOOD

15,141.99

42.3 M3

7.

RATTAN

400,000

2 TON

                    Source : Dep. Agriculture, DG of Food Crops, Southeast Sulawesi, 1993

 

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Created by Ir. Asrun, M.Eng.Sc and Co.
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Last Updated : January 17, 1999 11:46