Make your own free website on Tripod.com

 

GENERAL FEATURE OF THE SOUTHEAST SULAWESI PROVINCE


  • AREA AND LOCATION

  • TOPHOGRAPHY

  • GEOLOGY

  • HIDROLOGY

  • CLIMATE

  • OCEANOGRAPHY

  • GOVERNMENT ADMINISTRATION

  • DEMOGRAPHY

  •  


    AREA AND LOCATION

    The province of southeast consist of the southern and southeast part of Sulawesi Island and some small Islands surrounding. It is situated in the South of Equator, between 3o and 6o of South Latitude, and between 120o 45' and 124o 06' of East Longitude.

    Total area of the peninsula and the island of the province are about 38,140 square kilometers, and the sea is about 110,000 square Kilometers, with border area : to the Northern border on South Sulawesi and Central Sulawesi, to the Eastern Border on Banda Sea, to the Southern border on Flores Sea, and to the Western border on Bone Gulf.

    The province consist of four regencies, one municipality and an administrative municipality as you can see in the map - which area of each region as follows :

    Regency of Kendari .................................................16,319 sq. Km. ( 42,8 % ),

    Regency of Kolaka ..................................................10,310 sq. Km. ( 27.0 % ),

    Regency of Buton.......................................................6,242 sq. Km. ( 16.4 % ),

    Regency of Muna........................................................4,887 sq. Km. ( 12.8 % ),

    Municipality of Kendari .............................................161 sq. Km. ( 0.4 % ),

    Administrative Municipalities of Bau-Bau ...................221 sq. Km. ( 0.6 % ),

    T O PO G R A P H Y.

    Topography of Southeast Sulawesi is dominated by hills. There are some lowland plain between hills, and these are potential for agriculture activity.

    The slope of the land can be divided into four parts, as shown in the table below :

    The area of land with different slopes in Southeast Sulawesi.

    No

    Slope

    Area ( Ha. )

    %

    1.

    2.

    3.

    4.

    0 - 2

    2 - 15

    15 - 40

    > 40

    894,790

    606,657

    1,253,306

    1,059,237

    23.46

    15.91

    32.86

    27.77

     

    Total

    3,814,000

    100

                Source : Land use Planning of Southeast Sulawesi Province :
                Regional Office of National Land Authority, 1989.

    G E O L O G Y

    The geological condition of the province consist of sediment rocks is about 67.64 %, metamorphoses rocks about 19. 78 % and coagulated rocks 15.58 %. The soil type is general is red yellow podzolic.

    The other types of soil can be seen in the following table :

    Soil Type in Southeast Sulawesi

    No.

    Soil Types

    Area ( Ha. )

    %

    1.

    Podzolics

    2,299,729

    60.30

    2.

    Meditteran

    898,802

    23.56

    3.

    Latozol

    349,784

    9.17

    4.

    Alluvial

    129,569

    3.40

    5.

    Organozol

    116,099

    3.04

    6.

    Grumuzol

    20,017

    0.53

     

    Total

    3,814,000

    100.00

                Source : Land use Planning of Southeast Sulawesi Province,
                             Region Office of National Land Authorithy, 1989

    H Y D R O L O G Y .

    Southeast Sulawesi has many rivers, such as ; Lalindu, Lasolo, Konaweha, Lahumbuti, Lawe Roraya, Rante Angin, Poleang, Meeta, longkowala, Kambara, kabongka, Towari, Oko-Oko, Sampolawa, etc.

    Konaweaha river has stream's flow as about 200 m3 / sec. It has built Wawatobi Dam on this river, which is expected to irrigate the rice-field of up to 18,000 Ha. The Lalindo, Lasolo and Konaweha are very potential rivers for hydro-electric power. To set up the Industrial sector in the near future we need to supplied by PLN ( State Electric Company ), but in general for household consumers.

    There are also some swampland in this region, such as Aopa swampland with total area about 32,800 Ha. and Tinonda Swampland whit total about 1,240 Ha. The swampland and the rivers ( e.g. Lahumbuti ) can be use as water resource for development of agriculture, hydro electric power and tourism.

    C L I M A T E .

    The highest temperature in the province is about 31o c, the lowest is 19o C, and average is 25o C to 27o C.

    The rainfall in Southeast Sulawesi generally is not same in all region, so that, this province can be divided in two region, namely :

    Wet region, with total rainfall of more than 2,000 mm per year is the region of Northern part of Kendari - Kolaka, and Northern part of Buton and Wakatobi area.

    Semi-dry region , with a total rainfall of less than 2,000 mm per year the region of Kendari and Kolaka and Southern part of Southeast Sulawesi peninsula.

    During five years later, the average rainfall in this province is about 1,904 mm per years, and the average of rainy-dry-days are 109 days per year.

    O C E A N O G R P H Y .

    The off-shore waters of Southeast Sulawesi covering about 110,000 sq. Km. has an abundance of fish. The potential resource is estimated at 500,000 tons of Fish annually. Permanent potency is 250,000 tons consist of Tuna, Skipjack, yellow fin, lobsters, shrimp, trout's and some other sea-products such as sea-weed, sea-cucumbers, and pearls.

    GOVERNMENT ADMINISTRATION.

    Southeast Sulawesi is divided into 4 regencies, one minicipality, and an Administrative Municipality, 64 Districts, 165 sub-district and 644 villages as shown in the following table :

    No.

    Regency

    Capital

    District

    Sub-district

    Villages

    1.

    KENDARI

    Unaaha

    18

    22

    290

    2.

    KOLAKA

    Kolaka

    10

    27

    99

    3.

    BUTON

    Bau-Bau

    19

    37

    160

    4.

    MUNA

    Raha

    12

    30

    95

    5.

    Municipality of Kendari

    Kendari

    3

    26

    -

    6.

    Adm.Mun.of Bau-Bau .

    Bau-Bau

    2

    23

    -

     

    TOTAL

     

    64

    165

    644

                        Source : Statistic Office of Southeast Sulawesi Province.

    D E M O G R A P H Y .

    In 1990, due the result of population census there was 1,349,619 people in this province. Now, in post 1997, the population became 1.693.400people. The density, according to the area of the province ( 38,140 sq. Km 0 is about 39 people per square kilometer.

    Population projection per regency :

    Population Projection According to Regency, in Southeast Sulawesi :

    Regency

    1990

    1996

    1997

    1998

    1999

    2000

    Kendari

    192.1

    630.0

    655.0

    680.4

    706.8

    733.8

    Kolaka

    241.6

    317.4

    332.3

    345.7

    360.5

    375.9

    buton

    395.7

    437.2

    443.4

    449.5

    455.4

    461.4

    Muna

    227.9

    258.8

    263.7

    268.6

    273.4

    278.2

    Total

    1357.3

    1643.4

    1693.4

    1744.2

    1796.1

    1849.3

    Source : Statistic office of Southeast Sulawesi Province 1997

    garis01.gif (11170 bytes)

    Created by Ir. Asrun, M.Eng.Sc and Co.
    Send e-mail to : Rehab@kendari.wasantara.net.id
    Copyright 1998 Dinas PU Sultra. All rights reserved.
    Last Updated : January 17, 1999 11:38